Versions I use Netscape Navigator 4.03 at home and Netscape Navigator 3.01 at work and these pages and instructions are relevant to those. Internet Explorer is similar in use but not exactly the same. Version is usually found under Netscape/Help/About. Reducing Costs I try to minimise time online as much as possible by either *) Going off line temporarily. Finding the page I want and then disconnecting from the ISP/phone line and then reconnecting when I want to change (but bear in mind any minimum call charges). It is usually possible to go "back" offline to previous pages. *) Saving. Downloading the page with a Netscape/Save As and viewing it later off line. This doesn't always work and it is sometimes necessary to copy. See Saving *) Printing. I am not a fan of this because of earths resources and I can do so much more with an electronic copy BUT if necessary print it. *) Examining the cache. Even the cache sometimes proves useful but this is not too friendly. I have heard of at least one viewer which makes things easier. The cached files are usually found in: C:\Program Files\Netscape\Navigator\Cache *) I use Ctrl/F to rapidly find required text. *) Don't waste time on line composing. Write your e-mail off line. Then connect and cut and paste into e-mail message. Operation I make extensive use of the Nestcape's "Back" button. i.e. some pages (and pictures) may not have links back to "Main Page". I have my Netscape setup to NOT view pictures automatically. This saves an awfull lot of time. In order to view a picture I have click on the icon or to press the Netscape "Image" button for all the images. A small inconveniance for the time (and cost) it saves. Right mouse button also brings up a useful list of options. This is set in: Nestcape 3.01 /Options/Auto Load Images Nestcape 4.03/Edit/Prefernces/Advanced/Automatically load images If you suspect a page (or picture) has changed then press Nestcape's "Reload" as copies of recently visited pages will be TEMPORARILY stored on your hard disk known as the "cache". This is done in order to speed up access to the internet. However this need to reload is dependent on how Netscape is set up. This is set in: Nestcape 3.01 /Options/Network Preferences/Cache/Verify Documents/Never Nestcape 4.03/Edit/Prefernces/Advanced/Cache/Document in cache is compared to document on network: Once per session. Pictures See Saving I have tried to make the text & pictures fit in a 640 x 480 window. Hence best observed in a 800x600 Windows resolution as this allows for borders and a small amount of working space. If the colours are wrong then check your screen resolution is set to greater than 16 (4bit) colours. Best application for viewing and manipulating pictures is Paint Shop Pro. Pictures have been scanned in from standard 6x4 inch photos using my scanner set to 400 dpi (dots per inch) resulting in a file some 15MB in size. This is then converted to JPEG format (.JPG) using a compression of 15:1 resulting in a file of 500KB. These I keep. For these pages I also further reduce in size to fit in 640x480 resulting in 30KB and lately more reduction to 10KB for "LOW BW" (Low bandwidth connection) using 75:1 compression resulting in a poorer qaulity picture but 3 times faster download. Pictures carrying an alpha suffix e.g. ipp045.jpg as ipp045a.jpg are enlargments of small areas of the parent photo and hence may not be of as good a quality. Pictures carrying a further alpha suffix of s e.g. ipp045.jpg as ipp045s.jpg or ipp045as.jpg are the "LOW BW" (or s for SLOW) version.
SavingUse Netscape/File/Save As or if this fails, copy. To copy, first select using Ctrl/A or even Shift/up+down. The mouse may only select what is visible on the screen ie it will not scroll. !! however use mouse and up+down. Copy or paste to Notepad (or Wordpad) or whatever application suits. Shift/click on the LINK on the previous page, will also force a save. BUT make a note of where it has gone !! A good filing system is very important. This will save whatever is sent, including any error message so check file is ok. Saving pictures WITHIN a page does NOT work by saving the page. IF the page IS the picture then save will be ok. Otherwise it is necessary to save each picture SEPERATELY. This is best done by use of the Right/Click on the picture and then selecting "Save Image As". If only icon is shown and no picture then select "View Image" first. Busy The internet (world wide wait) is very busy. It is said: "A chain is as strong as its weakest link". But try to differentiate between the following: *) ISP (Internet Service Provider) is refusing to connect due to overload. *) ISP is busy (as opposed to engaged) resulting in slow download. *) web site is busy resulting in refusal to connect or slow download. *) The free ISPs like freeserve.co.uk, castel.nl, freeserve.nl are obviously oversubscribed and will be slow. *) Certain times of day and week are better than others. All hell breaks loose after lunchtime as the Americans wake up and flood the network. However there is a need to balance this with local use of ISPs which is apparently around 20:00 to 24:00 when everyone else has gone to bed !!! Weekends mean less use by buisiness. I find most cheapest and fastest times are Saturday followed by Sunday mornings.
Internet Explorer 4I have recently loaded this in conjunction with Netscape and changed the following settings: Internet Explorer 4.01 Settings are under View/Internet options ../General/Home Page: A:\NETSCAPE\MINE.HTM (Click on Use Current) was http://www.freeserve.net/ ../General/Tempoarary Internet Files/Settings/Check for newer version of stored pages/Never default: Every Time you start Internet Explorer ../Advanced - Turn Off ALL Multimedia. Can only RH Click. The settings are so changed to enable faster access of the net. This works but:- 1) Turning off automatic downloading of pictures results in having to RH click on each picture in turn. Netscape Images button loads all of them in one go. 2) Animated GIFs don't animate even with RH Click on picture. 3) It stil seems slower than Netscape 4. The ONE BIG advantage over Netscape is the ability to "Work Offline" enabling one to view previously viewed pages providing they are still in the cache on the hard disk. Modems and Data Rates A 28.8 kbs modem conveys data in bytes, equivalent to characters, at 28.8 / 8 (8 bits per byte) or 3.6 kBs. 56 kbs modems of which there are currently two 56k standards. They are k56flex and v.90, are more fun, They never seem to connect at the full speed at least not in the UK. Here is an interesting excerpt from an ISP , Nildram: Having made sure you have the latest upgrade, try each of the 56k access numbers. Due to the nature of 56k modems, your connect speed will vary. The average is between 40k to 46k. If you get a faster connect, you're a lucky person! If you're getting a reasonable connection at the moment and you're just browsing through here anyway, take heed of the saying if it ain't broke, don't fix it. If you are connecting below 40k but above 33.6k, you should check your phoneline for any problems. If you are connecting at 33.6k the 56k part of your modem is not working properly, and would indicate either your flash upgrade is not up to date, your phone link doesn't permit 56k technology to work, or you've got an x2 56k modem. x2 is not a protocol that we support.